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• Important Historical Profiles on Human Resources and Social Development in the Kingdom:

King Abdulaziz, may Allah rest his soul, issued the basic instructions of the state at the beginning of the foundation of Saudi Arabia, including the general rules for the regulation of its personnel.

  • Saudi Arabia to establish 'Central Personnel Monitoring Unit' for first time.
  • Distribution of General Service posts at three levels.
  • Creation of a post of (Registrar) in the Office of the Public Prosecution Office to be responsible for maintaining and documenting the records of State employees.

Issuance of the Personnel (Government Employees) Law as the first real civil service law in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The law included new principles and rules not contained in the previous directives.

Came into being centralized management of the affairs of personnel within the formations and the Ministry of Finance called the name of (the Office of the government employees and returns prescribed)

  • The first law for civil servants was issued under the name "General Personnel Law".
  • The name of "Office of the government employees and returns prescribed" was changed to "Personnel and retirement Bureau."

The Council of Ministers of Saudi Arabia was established, and one of the provisions of its regulation stated: "The General Personnel Bureau shall be responsible for monitoring the application of regulations and instructions on personnel matters as a competent body."

  • Creation of the Saudi Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs.
  • The Ministry is concerned with community development, community committees, provincial councils, centers, immigration, youth welfare, family and cooperative associations.
  • The Ministry's goals were set as follows:


First: Formulate social and labor policies within the framework of the values, principles and regulations in force in Saudi Arabia.

Second: Planning and implementation of projects.

Third: To contribute to a balanced social development in the Kingdom aimed at raising citizens' awareness, improving their standard of living and creating the elements of a dignified life for them within the framework of preserving their spiritual and moral values, and strengthening them to build an integrated and uplifting society.

The Council of Ministers issues a decree to:

  • Develop the General Personnel Bureau.
  • Identify general areas of competence.
  • Raise the rank of the Head of Bureau to the rank of Minister, and directly link him to the Prime Minister.

Issuance of Royal Order for Transfer of Responsibility for Supervising and Auditing Public Institutions to the General Personnel Bureau.

The new organizational structure of Personnel Bureau was issued as a body that oversees the affairs of civil servants in all government agencies in Saudi Arabia.

Issuance of Royal Decree No. (M/48) establishing the Civil Service Council and approving its law.

Under this Decree, the civil service has become an independent legislative body headed by the Prime Minister, and one of its most prominent responsibilities are:

  • Formulation of public policy for the civil service.
  • Developing plans and programs to implement them.
  • Issue executive regulations concerning the affairs of its personnel.

  • The name of the Personnel Bureau shall be changed to the General Civil Service Bureau.
  • Royal Decree No. (M49) approving a new law called the Civil Service Law.
  • The Council of Ministers issued a resolution to enforce the rules of the civil service law to employees of public institutions in the Kingdom.

Issuance of Royal Decree No. (A/28) establishing the Ministry of Civil Service to replace General Civil Service Bureau.

Issuance of Council of Ministers’ Resolution No. (27) with the separation of the Ministry of Labor from social affairs and dividing it into two separate ministries:

  • Ministry of Labor (responsible for all activities related to labor and workers’ affairs).
  • Ministry of Social Affairs (responsible for social affairs activities).

Issuance of Royal Decree No. (A/133) merging the Ministries of Labor and Social Affairs into a single ministry (the Ministry of Labor and Social Development).

Issuance of Royal Decree No. A/455, merging the Ministries of (Civil Service), and (Labor and Social Development) and amending the name to read: Ministry of Human Resources and Social Development.